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The Houthis and forces loyal to the previous regime then tried to take the whole country.In March, Hadi fled Yemen in a boat and arrived in Riyadh, the Saudi capital.In July 2017, Houthi forces fired four missiles at a Saudi Arabian air force base.The Saudi's claimed the real target had been the holy city of Mecca and that they were able to shoot down the missiles.The handover was forced in a bid to return stability to the country following the Arab Spring, a series of uprisings against long-time rulers across the Middle East.Hadi has struggled to deal with various problems afflicting the nation including al-Qaeda attacks, a separatist rising in the south, divided loyalties in the military, corruption, lack of food and unemployment."By going after the richest, whether fellow princes or media moguls and construction magnates, MBS is demonstrating that nobody is outside his control, as he is now at the top of a more authoritarian, 'one-man regime', with the old consensus-based, dynastic monarchy of the past century having effectively collapsed at some point earlier this year." Analysts said this week's purge by Mohammed bin Salman could potentially alienate members of the wider Al Saud family at a time when the country struggles to balance its finances amid sustained low oil prices.
"There will be much discontent behind the scenes in the family, and the Kingdom is headed for instability." The breakdown of consensus rule could have wider implications both at home and abroad, particularly in terms of the Saudi relationship with its regional rival, Iran, according to former US intelligence operatives.In contrast, the Houthi's are backed by Iran, which is predominately Shia, with many describing the conflict as a proxy war between Iran and Saudi Arabia - the leading powers of the two differing interpretations of Islam.On December 20, the fighting exceeded the 1,000 day mark, with American forces also becoming involved as they target Al-Qaeda fighters operating within Yemen.Jamie Mc Goldrick, from the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, said the figure was calculated on lists of victims gathered by various health facilities operating in Yemen. As well as the sizeable death toll, the UNHCR believes over three million people have been displaced as a result of the conflict.dismantling a decades-old system of consensus rule, analysts, including ex-top US intelligence officers, have told Al Jazeera.
Frustrated by the lack of reform following the removal of Saleh, many ordinary Yemenis joined the Houthis.