Dating winchester rifles by serial number
The M1895 is the strongest lever-action rifle Winchester has produced, designed to handle the increased pressures generated by the more powerful smokeless powder cartridges entering common use at the time of its introduction.
By today’s standards however, the design is considered relatively weak, and not suited to high pressure loads. One hundred of these rifles were issued to the 33rd Volunteer Infantry for field testing in the Philippine–American War.
they chose stamped sheet metal and roll pins for parts previously machined from solid steel.
Most of the shortcomings of the post 1963 Model 94s were eventually corrected, but the pre '64 versions remain the most desirable of all Winchester Model 94s.
Every Winchester 1906 was produced in the takedown design and shot only .22 caliber ammo of differing lengths - .22 short, .22 long, .22 LR, and .22WRF.
The Second version was the Standard Model 1906, and differed by being able to shoot interchangeably short, long or long-rifle bullets, and by having a grooved forearm (slide handle) and numbered between 113,000-852,000.
Those dates coincide with the Madis dates and can be viewed on Winchester’s site at: If you would like to obtain factory research on your Winchester, we urge you to join WACA and the Cody Firearms Museum.
Winchester name brand and the Model 1894 go hand and hand. Browning in 1893 specifically to be a perfect match for the new 30-30, which was smokeless cartridge.
The third model of 1906 was a more deluxe variety, called the "Model 1906 Expert." This model differed by being made with upgrades like a pistol-grip stock and a fluted smooth pump grip.
The 'Expert' version was produced only between 1918 to 1924 and had serial numbers between 535,540 and 649,951.
By serial number 6000, it is thought that the last of the flat sided M1895s left the factory. Between 19 approximately 300,000 M1895's were manufactured for the army of the Russian Empire, accounting for about 70% of total production of the rifles prior to 1936 when the M1895 was discontinued. The Model 1895 in .30 Army was also entered into an 1896 New York National Guard rifle contract competition, but finished second to the Savage Model 1895 Including military contract rifles, a total of 425,881 rifles were produced, with production ceasing at serial number 425,132. Theodore Roosevelt took two M1895 rifles with him on his 1909 safari to East Africa, both in .405 Winchester.
Chambered in 7.62×54mm R, these versions were unusual for a lever-action rifle in that they also had a charger guide, allowing the M1895 rifle to be reloaded by the same charger clips used in the Mosin–Nagant bolt-action rifle. The standard barrel length varied from 24 to 28 inches, depending on chambering and configuration, and the Standard finish on all rifles was blue. Additionally, Kermit Roosevelt accompanied his father on the trip and brought two more M1895 rifles; one was chambered in .405 Winchester, and the other in .30-03 Springfield.
This information is no substitute for obtaining a Winchester Factory Letter from the Cody Firearms Museum (available for certain models and serial ranges) which in addition to the Serial Number Application Date, normally provide the original Received In Warehouse Date and Date Shipped from Winchester factory.